Q.9:Define characteristic load.A.9:Characteristic load is that load which has a ninety-fiveper cent.

Q.9:Define characteristic load.A.9:Characteristic load is that load which has a ninety-fiveper cent probabilityof not being exceeded during the life of the structure.
Q.10:What are the main (i) loads, (ii) forces and (iii) effects to be consideredwhile designing the structures?
11.Define characteristic strength (fck) of concrete
12. How and when the characteristic compressive strength (fck) isdetermined?